mrtyuh sarva-haras caham
udbhavas ca bhavisyatam
kirtih srir vak ca narinam
smrtir medha dhrtih ksama
Word for word:
mrtyuh — death; sarva-harah — all-devouring; ca — also; aham — I am; udbhavah — generation; ca — also; bhavisyatam — of future manifestations; kirtih — fame; srih — opulence or beauty; vak — ﬁne speech; ca — also; narinam — of women; smrtih — memory; medha — intelligence; dhrtih — ﬁrmness; ksama — patience.
Translation by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
I am all-devouring death, and I am the generating principle of all that is yet to be. Among women I am fame, fortune, ﬁne speech, memory, intelligence, steadfastness and patience.
Purport by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
As soon as a man is born, he dies at every moment. Thus death is devouring every living entity at every moment, but the last stroke is called death itself. That death is Krishna. As for future development, all living entities undergo six basic changes. They are born, they grow, they remain for some time, they reproduce, they dwindle, and ﬁnally they vanish. Of these changes, the ﬁrst is deliverance from the womb, and that is Krishna. The ﬁrst generation is the beginning of all future activities.
The seven opulences listed – fame, fortune, ﬁne speech, memory, intelligence, steadfastness and patience – are considered feminine. If a person possesses all of them or some of them he becomes glorious. If a man is famous as a righteous man, that makes him glorious. Sanskrit is a perfect language and is therefore very glorious. If after studying one can remember a subject matter, he is gifted with a good memory, or smrti. And the ability not only to read many books on different subject matters but to understand them and apply them when necessary is intelligence (medha), another opulence. The ability to overcome unsteadiness is called ﬁrmness or steadfastness (dhrti). And when one is fully qualiﬁed yet is humble and gentle, and when one is able to keep his balance both in sorrow and in the ecstasy of joy, he has the opulence called patience (ksama).