chittvainam samsayam yogam
Word for word:
tasmat — therefore; ajnana-sambhutam — born of ignorance; hrt-stham — situated in the heart; jnana — of knowledge; asina — by the weapon; atmanah — of the self; chittva — cutting off; enam — this; samsayam — doubt; yogam — in yoga; atistha — be situated; uttistha — stand up to ﬁght; bharata — O descendant of Bharata.
Translation by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
Therefore the doubts which have arisen in your heart out of ignorance should be slashed by the weapon of knowledge. Armed with yoga, O Bharata, stand and ﬁght.
Purport by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
The yoga system instructed in this chapter is called sanatana-yoga, or eternal activities performed by the living entity. This yoga has two divisions of sacriﬁcial actions: one is called sacriﬁce of one’s material possessions, and the other is called knowledge of self, which is pure spiritual activity. If sacriﬁce of one’s material possessions is not dovetailed for spiritual realization, then such sacriﬁce becomes material. But one who performs such sacriﬁces with a spiritual objective, or in devotional service, makes a perfect sacriﬁce. When we come to spiritual activities, we ﬁnd that these are also divided into two: namely, understanding of one’s own self (or one’s constitutional position), and the truth regarding the Supreme Personality of Godhead. One who follows the path of Bhagavad-gita as it is can very easily understand these two important divisions of spiritual knowledge. For him there is no difﬁculty in obtaining perfect knowledge of the self as part and parcel of the Lord. And such understanding is beneﬁcial, for such a person can easily understand the transcendental activities of the Lord. In the beginning of this chapter, the transcendental activities of the Lord were discussed by the Supreme Lord Himself. One who does not understand the instructions of the Gita is faithless, and is to be considered to be misusing the fragmental independence awarded to him by the Lord. In spite of such instructions, one who does not understand the real nature of the Lord as the eternal, blissful, all-knowing Personality of Godhead is certainly fool number one. Ignorance can be removed by gradual acceptance of the principles of Krishna consciousness. Krishna consciousness is awakened by different types of sacriﬁces to the demigods, sacriﬁce to Brahman, sacriﬁce in celibacy, in household life, in controlling the senses, in practicing mystic yoga, in penance, in forgoing material possessions, in studying the Vedas and in partaking of the social institution called varnasrama-dharma. All of these are known as sacriﬁce, and all of them are based on regulated action. But within all these activities, the important factor is self-realization. One who seeks that objective is the real student of Bhagavad-gita, but one who doubts the authority of Krishna falls back. One is therefore advised to study Bhagavad-gita, or any other scripture, under a bona ﬁde spiritual master, with service and surrender. A bona ﬁde spiritual master is in the disciplic succession from time eternal, and he does not deviate at all from the instructions of the Supreme Lord as they were imparted millions of years ago to the sun-god, from whom the instructions of Bhagavad-gita have come down to the earthly kingdom. One should, therefore, follow the path of Bhagavad-gita as it is expressed in the Gita itself and beware of self-interested people after personal aggrandizement who deviate others from the actual path. The Lord is deﬁnitely the supreme person, and His activities are transcendental. One who understands this is a liberated person from the very beginning of his study of Bhagavad-gita.
Thus end the Bhaktivedanta Purports to the Fourth Chapter of the Srimad Bhagavad-gita in the matter of Transcendental Knowledge.