lobhah pravrttir arambhah
karmanam asamah sprha
rajasy etani jayante
Word for word:
lobhah — greed; pravrttih — activity; arambhah — endeavor; karmanam — in activities; asamah — uncontrollable; sprha — desire; rajasi — of the mode of passion; etani — all these; jayante — develop; vivrddhe — when there is an excess; bharata-rsabha — O chief of the descendants of Bharata.
Translation by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
O chief of the Bharatas, when there is an increase in the mode of passion the symptoms of great attachment, fruitive activity, intense endeavor, and uncontrollable desire and hankering develop.
Purport by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
One in the mode of passion is never satisﬁed with the position he has already acquired; he hankers to increase his position. If he wants to construct a residential house, he tries his best to have a palatial house, as if he would be able to reside in that house eternally. And he develops a great hankering for sense gratiﬁcation. There is no end to sense gratiﬁcation. He always wants to remain with his family and in his house and to continue the process of sense gratiﬁcation. There is no cessation of this. All these symptoms should be understood as characteristic of the mode of passion.