tat ksetram yac ca yadrk ca
yad-vikari yatas ca yat
sa ca yo yat-prabhavas ca
tat samasena me srnu
Word for word:
tat — that; ksetram — ﬁeld of activities; yat — what; ca — also; yadrk — as it is; ca — also; yat — having what; vikari — changes; yatah — from which; ca — also; yat — what; sah — he; ca — also; yah — who; yat — having what; prabhavah — inﬂuence; ca — also; tat — that; samasena — in summary; me — from Me; srnu — understand.
Translation by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
Now please hear My brief description of this ﬁeld of activity and how it is constituted, what its changes are, whence it is produced, who that knower of the ﬁeld of activities is, and what his inﬂuences are.
Purport by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
The Lord is describing the ﬁeld of activities and the knower of the ﬁeld of activities in their constitutional positions. One has to know how this body is constituted, the materials of which this body is made, under whose control this body is working, how the changes are taking place, wherefrom the changes are coming, what the causes are, what the reasons are, what the ultimate goal of the individual soul is, and what the actual form of the individual soul is. One should also know the distinction between the individual living soul and the Supersoul, their different inﬂuences, their potentials, etc. One just has to understand this Bhagavad-gita directly from the description given by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, and all this will be clariﬁed. But one should be careful not to consider the Supreme Personality of Godhead in every body to be one with the individual soul, the jiva. This is something like equating the potent and the impotent.