punyo gandhah prthivyam ca
tejas casmi vibhavasau
tapas casmi tapasvisu
Word for word:
punyah — original; gandhah — fragrance; prthivyam — in the earth; ca — also; tejah — heat; ca — also; asmi — I am; vibhavasau — in the ﬁre; jivanam — life; sarva — in all; bhutesu — living entities; tapah — penance; ca — also; asmi — I am; tapasvisu — in those who practice penance.
Translation by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
I am the original fragrance of the earth, and I am the heat in ﬁre. I am the life of all that lives, and I am the penances of all ascetics.
Purport by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
Punya means that which is not decomposed; punya is original. Everything in the material world has a certain ﬂavor or fragrance, as the ﬂavor and fragrance in a ﬂower, or in the earth, in water, in ﬁre, in air, etc. The uncontaminated ﬂavor, the original ﬂavor, which permeates everything, is Krishna. Similarly, everything has a particular original taste, and this taste can be changed by the mixture of chemicals. So everything original has some smell, some fragrance and some taste. Vibhavasu means ﬁre. Without ﬁre we cannot run factories, we cannot cook, etc., and that ﬁre is Krishna. The heat in the ﬁre is Krishna. According to Vedic medicine, indigestion is due to a low temperature in the belly. So even for digestion ﬁre is needed. In Krishna consciousness we become aware that earth, water, ﬁre, air and every active principle, all chemicals and all material elements are due to Krishna. The duration of man’s life is also due to Krishna. Therefore by the grace of Krishna, man can prolong his life or diminish it. So Krishna consciousness is active in every sphere.