evam pravartitam cakram
mogham partha sa jivati
Word for word:
evam — thus; pravartitam — established by the Vedas; cakram — cycle; na — does not; anuvartayati — adopt; iha — in this life; yah — one who; agha-ayuh — whose life is full of sins; indriya-aramah — satisﬁed in sense gratiﬁcation; mogham — uselessly; partha — O son of Prtha (Arjuna); sah — he; jivati — lives.
Translation by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
My dear Arjuna, one who does not follow in human life the cycle of sacriﬁce thus established by the Vedas certainly leads a life full of sin. Living only for the satisfaction of the senses, such a person lives in vain.
Purport by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
The mammonist philosophy of “work very hard and enjoy sense gratiﬁcation” is condemned herein by the Lord. Therefore, for those who want to enjoy this material world, the above-mentioned cycle of performing yajnas is absolutely necessary. One who does not follow such regulations is living a very risky life, being condemned more and more. By nature’s law, this human form of life is speciﬁcally meant for self-realization, in either of the three ways – namely karma-yoga, jnana-yoga or bhakti-yoga. There is no necessity of rigidly following the performances of the prescribed yajnas for the transcendentalists who are above vice and virtue; but those who are engaged in sense gratiﬁcation require puriﬁcation by the above-mentioned cycle of yajna performances. There are different kinds of activities. Those who are not Krishna conscious are certainly engaged in sensory consciousness; therefore they need to execute pious work. The yajna system is planned in such a way that sensory conscious persons may satisfy their desires without becoming entangled in the reaction of sense-gratiﬁcatory work. The prosperity of the world depends not on our own efforts but on the background arrangement of the Supreme Lord, directly carried out by the demigods. Therefore, the yajnas are directly aimed at the particular demigods mentioned in the Vedas. Indirectly, it is the practice of Krishna consciousness, because when one masters the performance of yajnas one is sure to become Krishna conscious. But if by performing yajnas one does not become Krishna conscious, such principles are counted as only moral codes. One should not, therefore, limit his progress only to the point of moral codes, but should transcend them, to attain Krishna consciousness.