drstva tu pandavanikam
vyudham duryodhanas tada
raja vacanam abravit
Word for word:
Sanjayah uvaca — Sanjaya said; drstva — after seeing; tu — but; pandava-anikam — the soldiers of the Pandavas; vyudham — arranged in a military phalanx; duryodhanah — King Duryodhana; tada — at that time; acaryam — the teacher; upasangamya — approaching; raja — the king; vacanam — words; abravit — spoke.
Translation by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
Sanjaya said: O King, after looking over the army arranged in military formation by the sons of Pandu, King Duryodhana went to his teacher and spoke the following words.
Purport by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Srila Prabhupada:
Dhrtarastra was blind from birth. Unfortunately, he was also bereft of spiritual vision. He knew very well that his sons were equally blind in the matter of religion, and he was sure that they could never reach an understanding with the Pandavas, who were all pious since birth. Still he was doubtful about the inﬂuence of the place of pilgrimage, and Sanjaya could understand his motive in asking about the situation on the battleﬁeld. Sanjaya wanted, therefore, to encourage the despondent king and thus assured him that his sons were not going to make any sort of compromise under the inﬂuence of the holy place. Sanjaya therefore informed the king that his son, Duryodhana, after seeing the military force of the Pandavas, at once went to the commander in chief, Dronacarya, to inform him of the real position. Although Duryodhana is mentioned as the king, he still had to go to the commander on account of the seriousness of the situation. He was therefore quite ﬁt to be a politician. But Duryodhana’s diplomatic veneer could not disguise the fear he felt when he saw the military arrangement of the Pandavas.